Basically, when we talk about the highest point on earth we think about the Mt. Everest (8848m) but we ever think about the deepest place on earth? this question may arise and make you think for a while. This articles helps you to gets some brief discussion about the deepest place on earth.
Since thousands of climbers have successfully scale the Mt. Everest but only few people have descended the planets deepest place called the MARIANA TRENCH
It is located on west pacific east of Philippines and approximately 124 miles(200 km) east of Mariana Island.It is crescent-shaped scare on earth that measures more than 1,500 miles (2,550 kilometers) long and 43 miles (69 kilometers) wide on average.
In 1875, the trench was discovered by the HMS Challenger using recently invented sounding equipment during a global circumnavigation. In 1951, the trench was sounded again by HMS Challenger II. Challenger Deep was named after the two vessels. In 1960, a “deep boat” named Bathyscaphe Trieste reached the bottom of Challenger Deep. It was the first vessel to do so and was manned by U.S. Navy Lt. Don Walsh and Swiss scientist Jacques Piccard. In 2012, Cameron manned the Deepsea Challenger and reached the seabed but was unable to capture any photos due to a hydraulic fluid leak .
Some scientist and researcher said that the life on a trench is very difficult with complete darkness and extreme pressure . The food is extremely limited Leaves, coconuts and trees rarely find their way into the bottom of the trench. Dead plankton sinking from the surface must drop thousands of feet to reach Challenger Deep. Instead, some microbes rely on chemicals, such as methane or sulfur, while other creatures gobble marine life lower on the food chain.